The lectures will describe joint work with Craig A. Tracy on the asymmetric simple exclusion process on the integers.
In this process each particle waits exponential time, then with probability p it moves one step to the right if the site is unoccupied, otherwise it does not move; with probability 1-p it moves one step to the left if the site is unoccupied, otherwise it does not move.
For an N–particle system we use the Bethe Ansatz to obtain a formula for the probability of a given configuration at time t, extending a result of Schütz for the case N = 2.
From this we derive a formula, which extends to infinite systems, for the probability that a given particle is at a given site at time t. In the case of step initial condition (particles initially at the positive integers) the probability can be expressed in terms of Fredholm determinants.
This formula is used to obtain three asymptotic results for the positions of these particles. In one an apparently new distribution function arises and in another a distribution function of random matrix theory arises. The last extends a result of Johansson for the case p = 1, the totally asymmetric process.